The town was ruled by the Pal (Shah) dynasty till the Gurkha attacks in 1803. The eventual defeat of the Gurkhas by the hands of the British in the Anglo-Nepalese War in 1816 caused this town to be transferred under British administration and called British Garhwal! This little village was converted into a hill station by the British in the days of the Raj, and served as a Divisional headquarter. Neglected under the king, Pauri gained much by way of western education, brought in by the Christian missionaries, in the early 1900s, and still reaps the benefits of the seeds sowed by modern education.
Boasting of one of the highest literacy rates in India! High education and the lack of infrastructure and opportunities made this the hotbed of resentment against the U.P. government, causing the simmering to finally come to a boil, as this town is said to have initiated the successful Uttarakhand agitation,in 1993 eventually causing the formation of Uttarakhand.
Pauri town is situated at an elevation of 1814 m above sea-level, just below the densly wooded ridge on the northern slopes of Kandoliya hill, The headquarter of the district Pauri Garhwal and the Garhwal Division, Located on the Northern face of the mountain, Pauri provides an unparalleled panoramic view of the snow clad Himalayan peaks such as Bander Punchh, Swarga-Rohini, Jonli, Gangotri Group, Jogin Group, Thalaiya-Sagar, Kedarnath, Kharcha Kund, Sumeru, Satopanth, Chaukhamba, Neelkanth, Ghoriparvat, Hathiparvat, Nandadevi.Trisul and uregi ( a very big village pauri garhwal) Amongst the best known personalities born here, Pundit Govind Ballabh Pant stands out amongst many, and the famous Garhwali folk singer Narendra Singh Negi to name a few!